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Monkeys, Guinea Pigs and Native English Speakers Have Very Similar Brain Responses to Speech Sounds

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Speech sounds elicit comparable neural responses and stimulate the same region in the brain of humans, macaques and guinea pigs, a multidisciplinary group of University of Pittsburgh researchers reported in the journal eNeuro today. The finding could help pave the way for better understanding and diagnosis of auditory processing deficits.

Article: medicalxpress.com

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New Data-driven Simulation Model Projects National Opioid Crisis to Worsen Before It Gets Better

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A significant challenge in addressing the country’s opioid crisis is that policies based on past patterns of behavior may have unintended consequences because those patterns change over time. Collaborating with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Mohammad Jalali and his research colleagues have created a data-driven simulation model that incorporates key behavioral feedbacks such as social influence and risk perceptions. Called SOURCE (Simulation of Opioid Use, Response, Consequences, and Effects), the model has projected three key strategies that could save more than 100,000 lives over the next ten years.

Article: medicalxpress.com

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Environmental Factors Predict Risk of Death: Study

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Along with high blood pressure, diabetes, and smoking, environmental factors such as air pollution are highly predictive of people’s chances of dying, especially from heart attack and stroke, a new study shows.

Article: medicalxpress.com

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Oral Antiviral Drug Effective Against Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Identified

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An oral antiviral drug that targets a key part of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) polymerase and inhibits the synthesis of viral genetic material has been identified, a finding that could provide an effective treatment against RSV disease, according to researchers in the Center for Translational Antiviral Research at Georgia State University.

Original Post: medicalxpress.com

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